Frankfurter Gespräche zum Informationsrecht

Am Montag, 14.12.2015 um 18 Uhr s.t., referiert und diskutiert

Prof. Dr. Peter Strauss, Columbia Law School, USA
“American Rulemaking at the juncture of politics and law in the computer age”

Abstract: What is the impact of the digital age inside government? My supposition is that it contributes a fair amount to the capacity of the center to control the periphery, since if "information is power," it is no longer held just in paper, on the periphery but rather is on every government official's desk.

The American presidential system has institutions and characteristics different from those common to parliamentary systems such as Germany’s; and these directly affect the balance between “law” and “politics” in regulatory matters. To be sure, a similar pattern of legal texts, adopted in varying ways, can be found in most legal systems. A single document (or in the case of the EU, several treaties) defines in the most general way the structures of government, its authorities, and personal rights that must be observed. A legislative body is made responsible for statutes, directly enacting perhaps several hundred each calendar year, some of which will specify regulatory institutions and obligations. In the same period, executive bodies produce thousands of pieces of secondary legislation (regulations, statutory instruments, implementing measures, etc.) that may or may not be subject to legislative approval as a formality, dealing in greater detail with the matters statutes have identified for regulation. Subordinate units within them produce, in yet greater volume, “soft law” guidance indicating means by which the hard law requirements established by primary or secondary legislation may successfully be met, interpretations of hard law adopted by the bodies, or other matters which may substantially influence, but not directly control, the behavior of the regulated.

In the era of paper, these executive actions substantially lived inside the agencies the American Congress had created to administer particular statutory regimes. Such “democratic” legitimation as there might be came from their relations with the President, since American ideas of separation of powers substantially deny any “approval” connection to Congress. When agencies held the information on which their action was grounded, presidential relations might be effectively limited to large issues of power. With the digital age, and the steady development of a presidential bureaucracy for overseeing these actions, the potential for intervention at the level of detail and simply for political advantage has grown. Should one be troubled by this?

Kurz-Vita: Prof. Peter Strauss ist einer der führenden Verwaltungsrechter der USA. Er ist Inhaber der Betts Professor of Law an der Columbia University, NYC, wo er seit Jahren Verwaltungsrecht lehrt.
Seine Publikationen befassen sich mit vielfältigsten Fragestellungen des Verwaltungsrechts einschließlich Fragestellungen zum Verhältnis verschiedener Institutionen der Verwaltung zueinander.

Die Veranstaltung findet statt im Hörsaalzentrum, HZ 14 (Campus Westend). Plan nebst Wegbeschreibung finden Sie unter http://www2.uni-frankfurt.de/38090278/lageplan.de. Im Anschluss besteht die Möglichkeit zum informellen Gespräch mit dem Referenten bei einem Glas Wein mit freundlicher Unterstützung der davit und der Zeitschrift „Computer und Recht“.

Die Frankfurter Gespräche zum Informationsrecht richten sich an Wissenschaft, Wirtschaft und Praxis. Sie bieten ein Forum für den Austausch über aktuelle Problemstellungen, aber auch Grundsatzfragen aus allen Bereichen des öffentlichen Informationsrechts. Dies betrifft sowohl Spezialgebiete wie Telekommunikations-, Datenschutz- oder Medienrecht, aber auch übergreifende Themen wie die rechtliche Gestaltung der Informationsordnung. Einen Überblick über vergangene Veranstaltungen finden Sie unter http://www.jura.uni-frankfurt.de/47042712/Frankfurter-Dialog.